Photography is a process of documenting an event or moment in time. It is also an art form that can inspire, influence, and enrich the lives of people. Photographs are used in newspapers, magazines, ID cards, passports, advertisements, posters, and more.
Despite the variety of uses, the fundamental purpose of photography remains the same: to capture an important moment in time and to allow us to remember it. There are seven basic elements of a good photograph: composition, lighting, subject matter, colour, texture, leading lines, and background.
A photographer’s job is to interpret the subject in a manner that is consistent with their own personal taste. The use of colour is one of the most important design elements of a good photograph. When colour is chosen, the mood and tone of a picture are determined. Cool colours are associated with blues and violets, while warmer colours include reds and oranges.
Patterns are a common feature of photographs. They provide a unified element for a series of images, and serve as an explanation for why the photograph was taken. Some patterns are obvious, such as the ridges of jagged mountains. Others are less obvious, such as feathers on a bird.
Colour can also affect the emotional impact of a photograph. The “colour wheel” – a diagram of the primary colours red, blue, and yellow – shows how complementary colors are to each other. For example, red and yellow are said to be complementary, while blue and orange are considered opposites.