Photography art is the art of using photography to create an original piece of art. This type of art includes portraits, landscapes, documentary, and other forms of photographic artwork. Some photographers use digital enhancement to enhance their images.
Fine art photography is a subset of photographic art. It involves a variety of techniques, including retouching, photo manipulation, and digital enhancement. The goal of fine art photography is to express an idea, message, or emotion.
For example, black and white photography highlights tone and texture. The first color photograph was taken by Thomas Sutton in 1861. Early experiments in color required very long exposures.
In the mid-1800s, John Herschel, a British chemist, discovered a solvent for silver halides. He then informed Daguerre about the process. Eventually, Daguerre developed a new process called the Daguerreotype.
Another interesting process is the Calotype. In this technique, a positive image is produced on a metal plate. An enlarger then prints the photo.
Other processes used in photography include the Ambrotype and the Tintype. These are also positive images, but on a glass surface.
Using various darkroom processes can dramatically change the outcome of an image. These processes include the use of filters, lighting, and studio settings.
A variety of artists work in both the fine art and commercial worlds. They often create both representational and non-representational photography. Non-artistic photographs include advertising, passport photos, and news photos. On the other hand, representational photographers often have impressive talent.